Among the world’s most beautiful freshwater fish, brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) inhabit only the coldest and cleanest water. In fact, the presence of brook trout is an indicator of the health of a watershed—demonstrating that a stream or river ecosystem is in proper balance and that water quality is excellent. Although the brook trout is not, in a fact, a trout at all, it is the most “troutlike” of the charrs. A sought-after game fish because it often lives in pristine waters and readily attacks flies of all kinds, it was the first “destination” fish in the Americas. Trains would transport anglers from New York and Boston to the mountains of Vermont and Maine just for the opportunity to lay into a big “squaretail.”
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